“In particular, as far back as the time of Lord Eldon, the power to examine bankrupts about their property has been construed as excluding the privilege. In 1856 the Court for Crown Cases Reserved held that the answers were admissible in criminal proceedings against the bankrupt. Since the Bankruptcy Act 1883 it has been the invariable practice for statutes dealing with such examinations to provide that the notes of the examination may be used in evidence against the deponent. These rules were extended to the examination of company directors in a winding-up and by section 434 of the Companies Act 1985 to a company investigation by inspectors appointed by the Secretary of State. There is in such cases no question of ill-treatment of a suspect. The examination is conducted in a civilised manner and the witness is entitled to have his lawyer present.”
 Ex parte Cossens (1805) Buck. 410
 R v Scott (1856) Dears & Bell 47.
 Lord Hoffmann. The Universality of Human Rights. Judicial Studies Board Annual Lecture, 19 March 2009.